The Tucson Presidio was established in 1775 by Hugo O'Conor. This year is the official birth date of Tucson Arizona. The city became a part of Mexico in 1821 while fighting for its independence, and then a part of the United States in 1854 under the Gadsden Purchase.
In 1863, Arizona became an official territory, and Tucson Arizona was the territorial capital from 1867 to 1877. The Southern Pacific Railroad was extended to Tucson Arizona in 1880, and the town's population had reached around 8,000 at that time. In 1912, Arizona was named as the 48th state. Tucson's population continued to grow, reaching around 120,000 by the 1950s and almost double that by the 1960s! Tucson Arizona is now recognized as a historic district by Pima County and the City of Tucson.
Tucson Arizona has become a magnet for tourists because of its climate and natural beauty. The air is dry with abundant sunshine year round. Nature lovers can visit the Saguaro National Park, the Catalina State Park or one of the many other great parks in the area. There are also the Sabino Canyon and the Santa Catalina Mountains. Other popular cities just north of Tucson Arizona include Mesa, Phoenix and Scottsdale.
The Reid Park Zoo in Tucson Arizona has more than 500 animals in their natural habitats. Visitors to the zoo can see what it's like to travel through an Asian rain forest or the South American mountains - all in one trip!
Learning about Tucson Arizona heritage is easy when visiting the Arizona State Museum, McFarland State Historic Park or the Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. Tourists can also explore the amazing science culture of Tucson Arizona at the Pima Air & Space Museum) or at Discovery Park.
Visitors to Tucson Arizona can participate in a variety of activities or simply enjoy touring the historic and modern areas of the city. To learn more about Tucson Arizona United States visit the Tucson Attractions Web site.
Among the golden desert sands and cacti of the Sonoran Desert is the picturesque town of Tucson Arizona. Tucson Arizona is called the "Sunshine City" or "Old Pueblo" and is surrounded by gorgeous desert mountains. It is located on the Santa Cruz River in Pima County. Nearby cities include Littletown, Sasabe, South Tucson and Catalina Foothills. Tucson Arizona is about 100 miles from Phoenix.
Tucson Arizona is one of the oldest cities in the nation with a diverse heritage from Indian, Spanish and Mexican settlers. Though Tucson Arizona has much to offer in history, it is also a pioneer city for the present-day and future. Health services, top research, astronomy and tourism are all bundled in one package in Tucson Arizona.
Tucson Arizona has been settled for more than 12,000 years. From migrating Archaic and Paleoindian hunters and gatherers to the Hohokam settlers, the area was well-inhabited from its early days. The more advanced civilization called Hohokam existed between 200 A.D. and the mid-1400s. Descendants of these cultures were the Tohono O'odham and the Pima people.
During the mid-1500s, Arizona was visited by the Coronado Expedition while searching for the Seven Cities of Gold. The Mission San Xavier del Bac was established in 1699 by Father Francisco Kino. The Mission San Agustin was established in 1757 on the Santa Cruz River (west bank). These establishments were completed during the late 1790s.