Everybody knows by now that Tiramisu╠ means ¤pick-me-upË in Italian, for the high energetic content (eggs and sugar) and the caffeine of the strong espresso coffee. There are many different stories about the origin of Tiramisu╠. It is a layered cake; therefore some place its origin in Tuscany, where another famous layered Italian dessert is very popular. It is called ¤Zuppa IngleseË (English Soup). It is not English and it is not a soup. Instead is a simple cake of ladyfingers or sponge cake, soaked in ¤alkermesË liquor, and alternated layers of chocolate and egg custard. Layered cakes have been around for long time. The brilliant idea in Tiramisu╠ is not in the technique of layering, but in the components. The great invention of combining together coffee, zabaglione cream, and chocolate: This is the true innovation in Tiramisu╠.
I love to study history of food.
In my book ¤The Timeless Art of Italian Cuisine Ď Centuries of Scrumptious DiningË, there is extensive information about culinary history of the various regions of Italy. I tried to trace the origin of Tiramisu╠ investigating many Italian cookbooks. The first clue is by the famous Italian gastronome Giuseppe Maffioli. In his book ¤Il ghiottone VenetoË, (The Venetian Glutton) first published in 1968, he talks extensively about Zabaglione custard. The name of this cream originates from Zabaja, a sweet dessert popular in the Illiria region. It is the coastal area across the Adriatic Sea that was Venetian territory for long time during the golden age of the ¤Repubblica SerenissimaË (The Most Serene Republic) of Venice. Zabaglione was prepared in those times with sweet Cyprus wine.
¤The groom╠s bachelor friendsË, says Maffioli, ¤at the end of the long wedding banquet, maliciously teasing, gave to him before the couple retired a big bottle of zabajon, to guarantee a successful and prolonged honeymoonË. ¤The zabajonË, Maffioli continues, ¤was sometimes added of whipped cream, but in this case was served very cold, almost frozen, and accompanied by the baicoli, small thin Venetian cookies invented in the 1700╠s by a baker in the Santa Margherita suburb of VeniceË. As we can notice, the addition of whipped cream, the serving temperature, the cookies, all these elements are close to the modern Tiramisu╠ recipe. And even the allusion to the energetic properties of the Zabaglione, seem to refer to the Tiramisu╠ name.
Later in my research the oldest recipe I could find was in the book by Giovanni Capnist ¤I Dolci del VenetoË (The Desserts of Veneto). The first edition was published in 1983 and has a classic recipe for Tiramisu╠. ¤Recent recipe with infinite variations from the town of TrevisoË, says Capnist, ¤discovery of restaurants more then family traditionË.
But the final word on the origin of Tiramisu╠ is from the book by Fernando e Tina Raris ¤La Marca GastronomicaË published in 1998, a book entirely dedicated to the cuisine from the town of Treviso. The authors remember what Giuseppe Maffioli wrote in an article in 1981: ¤Tiramisu╠ was born recently, just 10 years ago in the town of Treviso. It was proposed for the first time in the restaurant . The dessert and its name became immediately extremely popular, and this cake and the name where copied by many restaurants first in Treviso then all around ItalyË. Still today the restaurant ¤Le BeccherieË makes the dessert with the classical recipe: ladyfingers soaked in bitter strong espresso coffee, mascarpone-zabaglione cream, and bitter cocoa powder. Alba and Ado Campeol, owners of the restaurant regret they didn╠t patent the name and the recipe, especially to avoid all the speculation and guesses on the origin of this cake, and the diffusion of so many recipes that have nothing to do with the original Tiramisu╠.
I tried countless different recipes form the infinite variations of Tiramisu╠, but the classic one, (the recipe I show on my website), the recipe from the ¤Le BeccherieË restaurant, is still the one I prepare today and the one I prefer. As an example of one of the many delicious variation of Tiramisu╠ I am showing on my website, Anna Maria╠s Open Kitchen, a step-by-step recipe for the ¤Tiramisu╠ with Mixed BerriesË that is quickly becoming a new classic. Anna Maria Volpi is a chef, writer, and cooking instructor featuring step-by-step illustrated traditional Italian recipes.