Jackson, Mississippi: Experience the South at Mississippi's State Capital
Welcome to Jackson, Mississippi - where southern hospitality comes alive to tourists, and residents enjoy good southern livin'! As a key player during the civil rights movement in the 1960s, Jackson is rich in history and offers many museums and historic sites.
Jackson is located on Pearl River in Hinds County as the state capital and county seat. It has an estimated population of 179,599 as of 2003. The area was named after the seventh president of the United States - then Major General Andrew Jackson. Nearby cities include Clinton, Flowood, Pearl, Richland and Ridgeland.
A Brief Jackson History
Founded in 1821, the city of Jackson was once the site of a trading post on the west bank of Pearl River. It is believed that the area was called LeFleur's Bluff after the trading post owner Louis LeFleur.
The Mississippi State Legislature commissioned several men to locate a good place for the state's seat of government. They came to LeFleur's Bluff and reported that it was a beautiful and healthy land with good water and much timber. So in 1821, the area officially became seat of government. It was named Jackson to honor President Andrew Jackson.
Jackson was burned and ravaged several times by Union troops during the Civil War. During the 1900s, the area's population began to grow rapidly. Today, Jackson is one of the most liveable towns in the United States. The city is known for the good quality of life it offers local residents.
Things to Do in Jackson
Jackson's cultural and historical sites are a must for all visitors who enjoy learning about our nation's heritage. There are key facts about Jackson and the south in general to help Civil War historians put together pieces to the puzzle. These facts are illustrated through many museums and historic sites in the area such as the State Capitol, the Old Capitol Museum, the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, the Smith Roberton Museum and Cultural Center and the Farish Street Historical District.
At the Old Capitol Museum, one can see the old capitol building that was used in Jackson from 1832 through 1903. The museum has dioramas, exhibits and facts about politics that trace the area's history. At the Farish Street Historical District (http://www.farishstreet.com/), tourists can walk around to various historic sites and see shops and buildings that were built by former slaves.
Other historic sites include the Jim Buck Ross Agriculture Museum, the Medgar Evers Home, and the Hill-Holly Building.
Fun for the Family in Jackson
Jackson also offers several fun attractions where vacationers can spend a day with the kids. The Jackson Zoo (http://www.jacksonzoo.com/) features many elephants, monkeys, large cats, and more than 350 other great animals. There's also a petting zoo for little ones to enjoy! Jackson also has the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame and the Community Children's Theater.
For those who enjoy the downtown scene, there's abundant gourmet dining, nightlife, shopping, musical entertainment, theater, etc. Jackson is a great place to live or visit. To learn more about Jackson, Mississippi USA, visit the city's official website. (http://www.city.jackson.ms.us)
The current slogan for the city is Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul. Jackson is ranked 3rd out of America's 100 largest metro areas for the best "Bang For Your Buck" city according to Forbes magazine. The study measured overall affordability, housing rates, and more. The city is named after Andrew Jackson, who was still a general at the time of the naming but later became president. The city is the anchor of the Metro area.
USS Jackson (LCS-6) will be the first ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the city.
The first successful cadaveric lung transplant was performed at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson in June 1963 by Dr. James Hardy. Hardy transplanted the cadaveric lung into a patient suffering from lung cancer. The patient survived for eighteen days before dying of kidney failure.
Since 1968, Jackson has been the home of Malaco Records, one of the leading record companies for gospel, blues and soul music in the United States. In January 1973, Paul Simon recorded the songs "Learn How To Fall" and "Take Me To the Mardi Gras", found on the album There Goes Rhymin' Simon, in Jackson at the Malaco Recording Studios. Many well-known Southern artists recorded on the album including the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section (David Hood, Jimmy Johnson, Roger Hawkins, Barry Beckett), Carson Whitsett, the Onward Brass Band from New Orleans and others. The label has recorded many leading soul and blues artists including Bobby Bland, ZZ Hill, Latimore, Shirley Brown, Denise LaSalle and Tyrone Davis.
Jackson, Mississippi received its first Mississippi Blues Trail designation. The ceremony was held and the historic marker placed on the former site of the Subway Lounge on Pearl Street. The Subway Lounge was in the basement of the old Summers Hotel, one of two hotels available as lodging to blacks before desegregation when it opened in 1943. In the 1960s, the hotel added a lounge in the basement that featured jazz. In the 1980s, when the lounge was revived, it was catered to late night blues performers. In 2002, the Subway Lounge was filmed for a documentary entitled Last of the Mississippi Jukes
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