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North Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, and it is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia, and the Atlantic Ocean. This page lists some basic, quick facts about North Carolina and provides links to other helpful information.
Quick Facts about North Carolina
Date North Carolina became a state: November 21, 1789 (12th state)
State Capital: Raleigh (Wake County)
State Motto: Esse Quam Videri: To be rather than to seem
State Song: The Old North State
State Colors: Red and Blue
State Bird: Cardinal
State Flower: Dogwood
State Name Origin and Nicknames: Carolina, the Tar Heel State, the Old North State
Economy, Gross Domestic Product: $575,605,000,000 (2018, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis)
Population Rank: 9th largest state in the United States
Largest City (Population): Charlotte -- 830,258 (North Carolina Office of Budget and Management, 2016)
Total Land Area: 48,617.91 square miles
Land Area Rank: 28th largest state in the United States by land area
Number of Counties: 100
Highest Point in North Carolina: Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet)
Distance Between Murphy (west) and Manteo (east): 546 miles (driving); 474.5 miles (direct, "as the crow flies")
The length by Width: North Carolina is 503 miles long by 150 miles wide
Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives: 13
Seats in the N.C. General Assembly: 120 members in the House; 50 members in the Senate. Find your state legislators at https://www.ncleg.gov/FindYourLegislators
North Carolina's capital Raleigh combines history with modern-day excitement through its many venues and historic sites. Its beginnings date to the Revolutionary War when the capital was moved due to a siege on New Bern (former NC capital). The capital was moved in 1792 to the location where Raleigh now resides! Raleigh is one of the very few cities to be established as a "capital city" initially!
Raleigh is where visitors can enjoy shopping and fine dining and tour a host of landmarks, see a game, explore the outdoors and check out the nighttime venues! Raleigh also boasts a thriving academic community with several colleges, universities, and technical schools!
Raleigh got its name from Sir Walter Raleigh, an explorer and tobacco entrepreneur! Raleigh is home to several great companies such as IBM, Cisco, Lenovo, Sony Ericsson, and others!
The city also features the North Carolina State University and the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame! One of the best research parks in the world - Research Triangle Park - is located in Raleigh!
For more information, visit Raleigh: http://www.visitraleigh.com. You can find Raleigh Arts and Entertainment, Raleigh bars and clubs, Raleigh golf, shopping, music venues, historic sites, hotels, dining, Carolina Hurricanes, and more Raleigh information and sightseeing at the Greater Raleigh Convention and Visitors Bureau.